Description ADULT MALE Has deep blue-gray upperparts, darkest on wings, forehead, and ear coverts. Note the spectacled effect (top, front of white eyering continuing as curved yellow line to base of bill). Underparts, including throat, are mostly bright yellow, but with blackish streaked breast band forming a characteristic "necklace." Legs are pinkish. ADULT FEMALE Recalls adult male, but upperparts are paler and "necklace" is paler and much less distinct. IMMATURE Similar to adult female, but with paler forehead and even less distinct "necklace."
Dimensions Length: 5" (13 cm)
Habitat Common, but declining, summer visitor (mainly Jun-Jul) to damp conifer and mixed forests with a dense shrub layer; often found near water. Winters in northern South America.
Observation Tips Fairly easy to see within range, but present only briefly in our region.
Range Mid-Atlantic, Southeast, Eastern Canada, New England, Western Canada, California, Rocky Mountains, Texas, Plains, Great Lakes, Florida
Voice Song is a short, sweet chut'tti, chuwee, tchwee-sheree; call is a sharp ti'up.
Discussion Colorful, well-marked, relatively long-tailed wood-warbler. Searches for insects among foliage, but also flycatches. Sexes are separable.
Migration Info The Canada Warbler migrates late in the spring and early in the fall. The passage of this species is rapid (look at the amount of territory covered in any two-week period on the accompanying map). The common name of this species refers to the breeding range; it could more appropriately be called the Andean Warbler, as it spends more than half of its life in the moist mountain habitats of eastern Colombia, Ecuador, and northern Peru.